Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Pianta 2020

Acetic acid disinfection as a potential adjunctive therapy for non-severe COVID-19

  1. Study Type
  2. Interventional
  1. Study Aim
  2. Treatment and Management
  1. Study Design
  2. Parallel/Crossover
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Non-randomised
  1. Population (1)
  2. COVID-19
  1. Intervention (3)
  2. Acetic Acid
  3. Hydroxychloroquine
  4. Inhaled
  1. Comparison (2)
  2. Lopinavir And Ritonavir
  3. Hydroxychloroquine
  1. Outcome (1)
  2. Symptoms improving

Acetic acid disinfection as a potential adjunctive therapy for non-severe COVID-19

Pianta L, Vinciguerra A, Bertazzoni G, Morello R, Mangiatordi F, Lund VJ, Trimarchi M
Journal article
Report Results
PURPOSE: SARS-CoV-2 is a new pandemic influenza caused by a coronavirus which main route of transmission is through exhaled droplets that primarily infect the nose and the nasopharynx. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of acetic acid, the active component of vinegar, as a potential disinfectant agent for upper airways. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients were enrolled and divided into two groups: group 1 (14 patients) was composed of patients treated with off-label hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir, whereas group 2 (15 patients) was composed of patients treated with hydroxychloroquine only, combined with the inhalation of acetic acid disinfectant at a 0.34% concentration. A questionnaire-based evaluation of symptoms was performed after 15 days in both groups. RESULTS: It appears that the number of patients treated with acetic acid (group 2) that experienced improvement in individual symptoms was double that of the other group of patients (group 1), although numbers are too small for robust statistical analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Considering its potential benefits and high availability, acetic acid disinfection appears to be a promising adjunctive therapy in cases of non-severe COVID-19 and deserves further investigation