Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Shaikhain 2021

COVID-19 and Healthcare Workers in Saudi Arabia: a Survey on Their Knowledge and Practices

  1. Study Type
  2. Observational
  1. Study Aim
  2. Other
  3. Health Services Research
  1. Study Design
  2. Cross-sectional
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Not Applicable

COVID-19-Related Knowledge and Practices Among Health Care Workers in Saudi Arabia: cross-sectional Questionnaire Study

Shaikhain TA, Al-Husayni FA, Alhejaili EA, Al-Harbi MN, Bogari AA, Baghlaf BA, Alzahrani MS
Journal article
Report Results
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at the front line against COVID-19. The risk of transmission decreases with adequate knowledge of infection prevention methods. However, health care workers reportedly lack a proper attitude and knowledge of different viral outbreaks. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of health care workers in Saudi Arabia toward COVID-19. Assessment of these parameters may help researchers focus on areas that require improvement. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 563 participants recruited from multiple cities in Saudi Arabia. An online questionnaire was shared via social media applications, which contained questions to health care workers about general information regarding COVID-19 and standard practices. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 30.7 (SD 8) years. Approximately 8.3% (47/563) of the health care workers were isolated as suspected cases of COVID-19, and 0.9% (n=5) were found positive. The majority agreed that social distancing, face masks, and hand washing are effective methods for preventing disease transmission. However, only 63.7% (n=359) knew the correct duration of hand washing. Almost 70% (n=394) strictly adhered to hand hygiene practices, but less than half complied with the practice of wearing a face mask. Significant differences in health care workers' attitudes were observed on the basis of their city of residence, their adherence to COVID-19 practices, and their compliance with the use of a face mask. Among the health care workers, 27.2% (n=153) declared that they will isolate themselves at home and take influenza medication if they experience COVID-19 symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of health care workers in Saudi Arabia presented acceptable levels of general knowledge on COVID-19, but they lack awareness in some crucial details that may prevent disease spread. Intense courses and competency assessments are highly recommended. Prevention of disease progression is the only option for the time being