Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Mareev 2020a

Results of Open-Label non-Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial: BromhexIne and Spironolactone for CoronаvirUs Infection requiring hospiTalization (BISCUIT)

  1. Study Type
  2. Interventional
  1. Study Aim
  2. Treatment and Management
  1. Study Design
  2. Parallel/Crossover
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Non-randomised

Results of Open-Label non-Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial: "BromhexIne and Spironolactone for CoronаvirUs Infection requiring hospiTalization (BISCUIT)

Mareev VY, Orlova YA, Plisyk AG, Pavlikova EP, Matskeplishvili ST, Akopyan ZA, Seredenina EM, Potapenko AV, Agapov MA, Asratyan DA, Dyachuk LI, Samokhodskaya LM, Mershina ЕА, Sinitsyn VE, Pakhomov PV, Bulanova MM, Fuks AA, Mareev YV, Begrambekova YL, Kamalov АА
Journal article(Mareev, Orlova, Plisyk, Pavlikova, Matskeplishvili, Akopyan, Seredenina, Potapenko, Agapov, Asratyan, Dyachuk, Samokhodskaya, Mershina, Sinitsyn, Begrambekova, Kamalov) Medical Research and Educational Center, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation (Mareev, Orlova, Plisyk, Pavlikova, Akopyan, Seredenina, Potapenko, Agapov, Dyachuk, Samokhodskaya, Mershina, Sinitsyn, Pakhomov, Bulanova, Fuks, Begrambekova, Kamalov) Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian Federation (Mareev) National Medical Research Centre for Therapy and Preventive Medicine, Moscow, Russian Federation (Mareev) Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Report Results
Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a combination of bromhexine at a dose of 8 mg 4 times a day and spironolactone 50 mg per day in patients with mild and moderate COVID 19.Material and methods It was an open, prospective comparative non-randomized study. 103 patients were included (33 in the bromhexine and spironolactone group and 70 in the control group). All patients had a confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus infection (COVID 19) based on a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for SARS-CoV-2 virus RNA and/or a typical pattern of viral pneumonia on multispiral computed tomography. The severity of lung damage was limited to stage I-II, the level of CRP should not exceed 60 mg / dL and SO2 in the air within 92-98%. The duration of treatment is 10 days.Results The decrease in scores on the SHOKS-COVID scale, which, in addition to assessing the clinical status, the dynamics of CRP (a marker of inflammation), D-dimer (a marker of thrombus formation), and the degree of lung damage on CT (primary endpoint) was statistically significant in both groups and differences between them was not identified. Analysis for the group as a whole revealed a statistically significant reduction in hospitalization time from 10.4 to 9.0 days (by 1.5 days, p=0.033) and fever time from 6.5 to 3.9 days (by 2.5 days, p<0.001). Given the incomplete balance of the groups, the main analysis included 66 patients who were match with using propensity score matching. In matched patients, temperature normalization in the bromhexine/spironolactone group occurred 2 days faster than in the control group (p=0.008). Virus elimination by the 10th day was recorded in all patients in the bromhexine/spironolactone group; the control group viremia continued in 23.3% (p=0.077). The number of patients who had a positive PCR to the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the 10th day of hospitalization or longer (≥10 days) hospitalization in the control group was 20/21 (95.2%), and in the group with bromhexine /spironolactone -14/24 (58.3%), p=0.012. The odds ratio of having a positive PCR or more than ten days of hospitalization was 0.07 (95% CI: 0.008 - 0.61, p=0.0161) with bromhexine and spironolactone versus controls. No side effects were reported in the study group.Conclusion The combination of bromhexine with spironolactone appeared effective in treating a new coronavirus infection by achieving a faster normalization of the clinical condition, lowering the temperature one and a half times faster, and reducing explanatory combine endpoint the viral load or long duration of hospitalization (≥ 10 days)