Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Jain 2021i

Functional Outcomes and Post-Discharge Care Sought by Patients with COVID-19 Compared to Matched Controls After Completing Inpatient Acute Rehabilitation

  1. Study Type
  2. Observational
  1. Study Aim
  2. Diagnostic/Prognostic
  1. Study Design
  2. Case series/Case control/Cohort
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Not Applicable

Functional Outcomes and Post-Discharge Care Sought by Patients with COVID-19 Compared to Matched Controls After Completing Inpatient Acute Rehabilitation

Jain E, Harmon EY, Sonagere MB
Journal article
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INTRODUCTION: A subset of patients with COVID-19 can develop severe illness, resulting in significant functional and cognitive deficits that require acute inpatient rehabilitation. Guidelines following discharge from acute inpatient rehabilitation have not yet been established. This study seeks to establish outcomes of rehabilitation patients with COVID-19 and characterize their need for long term care. OBJECTIVE: Determine the functional outcomes and utilization of follow up medical care ninety days following discharge from acute inpatient rehabilitation, as compared to rehabilitation impairment and age matched controls. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center cohort study comparing patients with COVID-19 to rehabilitation and age matched controls comparing functional outcomes at discharge and utilization of follow-up care at ninety days post-discharge. SETTING: Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility (IRF). PATIENTS: 128 patients were identified to answer survey questions following discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. The cohort consisted of 64 patients recovering from COVID-19 and 64 age and impairment group category controls. A total of 36 patients participated in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Functional outcomes at discharge, hospital readmissions, and follow-up care sought by patients. RESULTS: The COVID-19 patient group had similar improvements in functional outcomes as compared to controls. Patients with COVID-19 required fewer readmissions than their matched controls in the 30-90-day periods and required fewer follow up visits with specialists after discharge from the IRF. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COVID-19 had similar improvements in functional outcomes as compared to controls. Patients with COVID-19 reported fewer readmissions than their matched controls in the 30-90-day periods and required fewer follow up visits with specialists after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved