Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Study record
NCT04918940First Published: 2021 Jun 10Updated Date: 2021 Jun 10

Post-vaccination Immunization Against SARS-CoV-2 in Patients Undergoing Maintenance With Anti-CD20 Antibodies for Follicular Lymphoma (FL) or Mantle Cell

  1. Study Type
  2. Interventional
  1. Study Aim
  2. Other
  3. Prevention
  1. Study Design
  2. Single Arm/Controlled Before After
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Not Applicable
Reference record

Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccination in Patientstreated With Anti-CD20 for Follicular Lymphoma or Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Trial registry record
No Results
The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, rituximab (R) and obinutuzumab (G), are used as standard maintenance therapy every 2 months for 2 to 3 years in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). This treatment is associated with profound and prolonged B lymphopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia and increased infections. Severe forms of COVID-19 on Rituximab with prolonged carriage of the virus have been reported due to significant impairment of humoral immunity in this context of maintenance therapy. Therefore, during the COVID-19 epidemic, clinicians are faced with the question of whether to discontinue maintenance therapy or continue treatment. However, the half-life of rituximab is 29 days and lymphopenia continues for up to 9-12 months after stopping injections. Therefore, it is not clear that discontinuation of maintenance therapy will alter the risk of severe SARS-CoV-2. However, post-vaccination immunization against SARS-CoV-2 by an mRNA vaccine is not known in this context of prolonged treatment with rituximab or obinutuzumab. It is however well established that post-vaccination responses against diphtheria, tetanus, pneumococcus, HBV, or influenza in particular are altered after anti-CD20 antibodies. If the humoral response is crucial in the post-vaccination response, it is also suggested that the preservation of innate immunity and the CD8 response, unaltered by anti-CD20, could also play an important role in the post-vaccination response and virus clearance. The aim of our study is to evaluate the humoral and post-vaccination T-cell response based on serological data and T-cell production of interferon gamma in response to SARS-CoV-2 specific antigens (Elispot interferon gamma) in this group of patients treated for lymphoma with a long-term anti-CD20 antibody