Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Study record
NCT04918927First Published: 2021 Jun 10Updated Date: 2021 Jun 10

Favipiravir and/or Nitazoxanide: a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Early Antiviral Therapy in COVID-19 (FANTAZE)

  1. Study Type
  2. Interventional
  1. Study Aim
  2. Treatment and Management
  1. Study Design
  2. Parallel/Crossover
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Randomised
Reference record

Favipiravir +/- Nitazoxanide: Early Antivirals Combination Therapy in COVID-19

Trial registry record
No Results
The 2020 pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19 disease is an unprecedented global emergency. COVID-19 appears to be a disease with an early phase where the virus replicates, coinciding with first presentation of symptoms, followed by a later 'inflammatory' phase which results in severe disease in some individuals. It is known from other rapidly progressive infections such as sepsis and influenza that early treatment with antimicrobials is associated with better outcome. The hypothesis is that this holds for COVID-19 and that early antiviral treatment may prevent progression to the later phase of the disease. The plan is to conduct a proof-of-principle placebo-controlled clinical trial of favipiravir plus or minus nitazoxanide in health workers, their household members and IMSS beneficiaries. Participants with or without symptomatic COVID-19 or tested positive will be assigned to receive favipiravir plus nitazoxanide or favipiravir plus nitazoxanide placebo. The primary outcome will be the difference in the amount of virus ('viral load') in the upper respiratory tract after 5 days of therapy. Secondary outcomes will include hospitalization, major morbidity and mortality, pharmacokinetics, and impact of antiviral therapy on viral genetic mutation rate. If favipiravir with nitazoxanide demonstrates important antiviral effects without significant toxicity, there will be a strong case for a larger trial in people at high risk of hospitalization or intensive care admission, for example older patients and/or those with comorbidities and with early disease