Register update: there will be a delay adding new records during our holiday period (Dec 17 - Jan 4)
Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register
Study record
Wendel 2022First Published: 2022 Aug 5Updated Date: 2022 Aug 5

ED-based COVID-19 vaccination campaign finds higher vaccination rates for individuals from racial and ethnic minority groups compared with clinic setting

  1. Study Type
  2. Observational
  1. Study Aim
  2. Prevention
  3. Health Services Research
  1. Study Design
  2. Case series/Case control/Cohort
  1. Intervention Assignment
  2. Not Applicable
Reference record

ED-based COVID-19 vaccination campaign finds higher vaccination rates for individuals from racial and ethnic minority groups compared with clinic setting

Wendel SK, Jackson CL, Resnick-Ault D, Jacknin G, Zane RD, Michael SS, Bookman KJ, Ginde AA
Journal article
Report Results
BACKGROUND: Emergency department visits associated with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) continue to indicate racial and ethnic inequities. We describe the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals receiving COVID-19 vaccination in the emergency department and compare with an outpatient clinic population and emergency department (ED) patients who were eligible but not vaccinated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of electronic health record data at an urban academic ED from May to July 2021. The primary aim was to characterize the ED-vaccinated population, compared with ED patients who were eligible but unvaccinated and the physically adjacent outpatient vaccination clinic population. RESULTS: A total of 627 COVID-19 vaccinations were administered in the ED. Overall, 49% of ED patients during that time had already received at least one vaccine dose prior to ED arrival. Hispanic, non-Hispanic Black patients, and patients on non-commercial insurance had higher odds of being vaccinated in the ED as compared with outpatient clinic setting. Among eligible ED patients, men and patients who were uninsured/self-pay were more likely to accept ED vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: This ED COVID-19 vaccination campaign demonstrated a higher likelihood to vaccinate individuals from racial/ethnic minority groups, those with high social vulnerability, and non-commercial insurance, when compared with a co-located outpatient vaccination clinic